The Evolution of the Résumé

From the French verb Résumer, meaning “to summarize,” a résumé is a document that sums up a job applicant’s academic, professional and personal qualifications.

Over time, the résumé has become a standardized business document, required by potential employers in order to consider a job seeker’s candidacy. The expectations for résumés, across quality, content, format and impact continue to rise as job markets become more competitive.

One page résumés with only a brief outline of a professional history and a generic objective have become out-dated and ineffective. Today, résumés have evolved to become high-impact marketing documents that sell a job seeker’s qualifications though attention-getting formats and accomplishment driven phrases.

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